Civil Rights

Civil Rights Sacramento

Civil rights  are a class of rights that protect an individual’s freedom from infringement by government and private organizations. Your civil rights ensure one’s ability to participate in the civil life of the state without discrimination or repression.

Civil rights include the ensuring of peoples’ physical and mental integrity, life and safety. They provide protection from discrimination on grounds such as race, gender, national origin, color, sexual orientation, ethnicity, religion, or disability. Civil rights provide individual rights such as privacy, the freedoms of thought and conscience, speech and expression, religion, the press, assembly and movement.

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pub.L. 88–352, 78 Stat. 241, enacted July 2, 1964) is a landmark piece of civil rights legislation in the United States that outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public.

Powers given to enforce the act were initially weak, but were supplemented during later years. Congress asserted its authority to legislate under several different parts of the United States Constitution, principally its power to regulate interstate commerce under Article One (section 8), its duty to guarantee all citizens equal protection of the laws under the Fourteenth Amendment and its duty to protect voting rights under the Fifteenth Amendment. The Act was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on July 2, 1964, at the White House.


Know Your Rights

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